What are the two types of dharma?

What are the two types of dharma?

30 Sec Answer: The two types of Dharma are Svadharma (one’s own duty) and Sanatana Dharma (eternal duty).


Dharma is a Sanskrit word that has various meanings depending on the context it is used in. In its most general sense, dharma means “righteousness” or “duty”. It is often translated as “law” or “order”. Dharma encompasses many aspects of life, from one’s relationships to their work ethic. This article will discuss the two main categories of Dharma: Svadharma and Sanatana Dharma.

What is Svadharma?

Svadharma refers to one’s own duty or natural obligations. It involves performing the duties associated with one’s station in life such as family roles, professional responsibilities, etc. It also involves adhering to one’s personal moral code based on individual beliefs and values. Thus, it involves living according to one’s true nature and being in harmony with oneself.

What is Sanatana Dharma?

Sanatana Dharma is the eternal law or universal truth which binds all living beings together regardless of caste, creed, race or gender. It involves following a path of righteousness and non-violence and recognizing the fundamental unity of all creation. It emphasizes compassion, respect for others, and striving for self-realization through service to humanity and devotion to God.

Origin of Dharmic Philosophy

The origin of Dharmic philosophy can be traced back to the ancient Vedic scriptures which were composed around 1500 BC. These texts provide insight into the spiritual and philosophical beliefs of early Hinduism which later developed into more complex systems such as Buddhism and Jainism. Additionally, there are other religious traditions like Sikhism, Taoism, Confucianism and Shintoism that incorporate similar concepts about dharma and karma into their respective belief systems.

Relationship between Svadharma & Sanatana Dharma

Svadharma and Sanatana Dharma are closely related since they both involve upholding righteous conduct while living in accordance with our true nature. While svadharma focuses on fulfilling our personal duties, sanatana dharma stresses the importance of leading an ethical life based on universal principles of truthfulness, justice, love, charity and compassion towards all sentient beings. Both types of dharma aim at achieving balance within ourselves as well as harmonizing our relationship with others and the environment around us.

Significance of Dharma in Modern Times

The concept of dharma still holds great significance even in modern times due to its emphasis on living a moral life based on certain core values that transcend culture, religion or nationality. By understanding our duties as individuals in relation to others and Nature we can foster an attitude of respect and responsibility towards our fellow humans as well as create a more peaceful world where everyone feels valued and accepted irrespective of their differences. Moreover, by following a righteous path based on our svadharma as well as embracing sanatana dharma we can live more meaningful lives full of contentment and joy!


In summary, dharma comprises two different types: svadharma which entails fulfilling our own particular duties such as family roles or professional responsibilities; and sanatana dharma which focuses on leading an ethical life based on universal principles like truthfulness, justice, love, charity and compassion towards all sentient beings. Together these two forms of dharma help us cultivate an attitude of respect towards ourselves and others while striving for harmony within ourselves as well as between ourselves and the environment around us!

Samantha Greenfield

Samantha Greenfield was born and raised in a small town in the rural countryside of Washington state. From a young age, she was drawn to the natural world and spent much of her time exploring the forests and fields around her home. As she grew older, she became increasingly interested in the intersection of nature, spirituality, and personal growth, and began to study Buddhism and mindfulness in depth. After completing her undergraduate degree in Environmental Science, Samantha decided to pursue a career in nature conservation and spent several years working with various non-profit organizations and government agencies on conservation projects around the world. Along the way, she discovered a passion for writing and began to document her adventures and insights in a series of personal blogs and articles. In recent years, Samantha has turned her focus to sharing her knowledge and experiences with a wider audience and has become a popular speaker and workshop leader on topics related to Buddhism, mindfulness, and personal growth. She is currently working on a book about the intersection of nature, spirituality, and mindfulness, and continues to be an active advocate for environmental conservation and sustainability.

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